Illness is very common in children. Due to their weak immune system they are more prone to illness. Some of the very common illness problems in children are:
• Infantile Autism
• Common Cold
• Infantile Conic
• Skin Rashes
Autism is a developmental disability that appears during the first three years of life. It is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain. It occurs in as many as 2 to 6 in 1,000 individuals. Autism is four times more prevalent in boys than girls and knows no racial, ethnic, or social boundaries. The main symptoms of infantile autism are poorly developed verbal and non verbal communication skills, abnormality in speech pattern, inability to make friends, minimal eye contact, etc. The cause of Infantile Autism is usually due to brain damage.
Measles is a contagious disease caused by a virus. It usually occur in children less than 2 years of age. It is characterized by fever, conjunctivitis, cough and rashes. It is a self-limiting disease. The disease starts with low to moderate fever, cough, running nose, sneezing, redness of eyes and watering from eyes and usually lasts for 3-5 days.
Vomiting is an exhausting illness for children. It occurs mostly due to an abdominal infection. The greatest risk of vomiting due to gastroenteritis is dehydration. Children have little capacity to bear the loss of water from the body. So it is always advised to call a doctor if the child shows signs of dehydration, or is not urinating, is crying without tears or if vomiting persists for more than two days.
Common cold is also a contagious viral infection. It usually infects school-going children. It is normal for a child to have cold eight or more times a year. Colds are caused by viruses and not bacteria, so antibiotics do not help in this case.
Fever is a very common problem in children. When the body''s temperature rises above its normal level then it is called as fever. The average normal temperature of a human being is 98.6 degrees F ( 37 degrees C). Other symptoms of fever include crying, body rashes with fever, stiff neck, difficulty in breathing, child refusing fluids, dehydration, etc.
Tonsil is a mass of lymphatic tissue one each in the side walls of the nasopharynx. The basic function of these tissues is to provide resistance against disease. Infection of the tonsils usually occurs in school going children. The various symptoms are pain at the jaw or in the ear, difficulty in swallowing, foul breath or inflamed oral cavity.
Worm infestations are another common health problem in the children. A variety of worms infest children that range from half-inch pinworms to tape worms. The symptoms of worm infestation are anemia, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, changes in appetite and fatigue, wheezing, coughing or other breathing difficulties.
Colic is a symptom of abdominal pain that usually occurs in infants under 3 months of age. The causes of colic are usually associated with hunger, swallowed air, overfeeding, and foods with high carbohydrate content or cow milk allergy. Improving feeding techniques, burping after feeds, and avoidance of allergic food in baby’s and mother’s diet helps in prevention of infantile colic.